Network data from the NetBlocks internet observatory confirm the loss of internet access across parts of Kashmir, amid a growing military presence and curfew reportedly imposed by Indian forces.
Technical data show a disruption to access to India’s internet backbone as of 18:00 UTC Sunday, 4 August 2019 following earlier mobile data restrictions, consistent with past recorded internet internet shutdowns in the region.
Urgent: Severe internet disruption registered in #Srinagar, #Kashmir with backbone access largely severed by India from 18:00 UTC; information blackout poses immediate risk to safety and rights of individuals; incident ongoing #KeepItOn
📰 https://t.co/ENx1iLc4nQ pic.twitter.com/jv0KMbp3CM
— NetBlocks.org (@netblocks) August 4, 2019
The telecommunication blackouts are understood to be related to the imposition of Section 144 across Srinagar which limits public assembly.
Although short of a total information blackout, data show the fall of connectivity to 9% of nominal levels in Srinagar, as well as registering significant disruptions in surrounding regions.
Shortly prior to the blackout, queues for fuel and supplies began to form as premonitions grew over the militarized presence. The disruption has raised concerns for the safety and wellbeing of residents as well as posing a threat to the fundamental human rights of free expression and free assembly.
— Nighat Dad (@nighatdad) August 4, 2019
Update: Monday 5 August 7:15 a.m. UTC: Network data show Internet remains cut in Srinagar, Kashmir over 12 hours after access was shut down on Sunday.
The telecommunication blackout continues amid troop deployments and curfews as India announces plans to revoke Article 370, a constitutional provision that grants special status allowing Jammu and Kashmir to make its own laws:
Update: Real-time network data show Internet remains cut in #Srinagar, #Kashmir over 12 hours after access was shut down on Sunday, as India imposes curfew and deploys troops; incident ongoing ⏱— NetBlocks.org (@netblocks) August 5, 2019
Update: 14 October, 2019: Mobile traffic data from Kashmir indicate the partial return of cellular connectivity on day 71 of the ongoing internet shutdown, as some users report post-paid packages have started working. However, fixed-line internet, wifi and most mobile connections remain cut:
Confirmed: Mobile traffic data from #Kashmir indicate partial return of cellular connectivity on day 71 of internet shutdown; fixed-line internet remains cut 📈
— NetBlocks.org (@netblocks) October 14, 2019
NetBlocks diffscans, which map the IP address space of a country in real time, show internet connectivity levels and corresponding outages. Purposeful internet outages generally have a distinct network pattern used by NetBlocks to determine and attribute the root cause of an outage, a process known as attribution which follows detection and classification stages.
NetBlocks is a civil society group working at the intersection of digital rights, cyber-security and internet governance. Independent and non-partisan, NetBlocks strives for an open and inclusive digital future for all.